What Is a Dental Crown
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What Is a Dental Crown

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore what is a dental crown, the different types available, why and how they are used, as well as the benefits and potential risks associated with this procedure.

A dental crown, also known as a dental cap, is a prosthetic device that is designed to cover and protect a damaged or weakened tooth. It is custom-made to fit over the entire surface of the tooth, from the gum line to the biting surface. Dental crowns are typically made from various materials, including porcelain, ceramic, metal alloys, or a combination of materials. The choice of material depends on the specific needs of the patient, the location of the tooth, and aesthetic considerations.


Types of Dental Crowns

There are several types of dental crowns available, each with its own unique set of advantages and considerations. The most common types include:

  • Porcelain Crowns: Porcelain crowns are highly popular due to their ability to closely mimic the natural appearance of teeth. They are an excellent choice for restoring front teeth, as they blend seamlessly with the surrounding teeth, creating a beautiful and natural-looking smile.
  • Ceramic Crowns: Similar to porcelain crowns, ceramic crowns offer exceptional aesthetics. They are durable, stain-resistant, and provide a more translucent appearance, making them suitable for both front and back teeth restorations.
  • Metal Crowns: Metal crowns are known for their strength and durability. They are commonly made from gold or base metal alloys, offering excellent longevity and minimal wear to the opposing teeth. However, their metallic appearance makes them less suitable for visible areas of the mouth.
  • Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns: PFM crowns combine the strength of metal with the aesthetic appeal of porcelain. These crowns have a metal substructure covered with a layer of porcelain, providing both durability and natural-looking aesthetics.

For more detailed information about Porcelain Crown, please visit our article The Benefits of Porcelain Crowns: How They Can Transform Your Smile and Boost Your Confidence

Reasons for Getting a Dental Crown

Dental crowns serve multiple purposes, addressing a variety of dental issues. Some common reasons for getting a dental crown include:

  1. Tooth Decay: When a tooth is severely decayed or has a large filling, a dental crown can help restore its strength, shape, and functionality.
  2. Cracked or Fractured Teeth: Teeth that are cracked or fractured can be vulnerable to further damage, infection, or pain. A dental crown can protect and strengthen the tooth, preventing further complications.
  3. Root Canal Treatment: After a root canal procedure, where the infected pulp is removed from the tooth, a dental crown is often placed to provide additional support and protection to the treated tooth.
  4. Cosmetic Enhancement: Dental crowns can also be used for cosmetic purposes, such as improving the appearance of misshapen, discoloured, or poorly aligned teeth, resulting in a more aesthetically pleasing smile.

The Dental Crown Procedure

Getting a dental crown typically involves multiple steps and requires the expertise of a skilled dentist. Here is an overview of the dental crown procedure:

  1. Dental Examination and Treatment Planning: During the initial consultation, your dentist will examine your teeth and discuss your goals and expectations. X-rays or digital scans may be taken to assess the condition of the affected tooth and surrounding structures.
  2. Tooth Preparation: To accommodate the dental crown, the tooth is first prepared by removing any decay or existing restorations. The tooth is then reshaped to create space for the crown. In some cases, if the tooth is severely damaged or decayed, a dental filling or a build-up may be necessary to provide a stable foundation for the crown.
  3. Impressions and Temporary Crown: Once the tooth is prepared, impressions of your teeth are taken to create a custom-made dental crown. A temporary crown is placed over the prepared tooth to protect it while the permanent crown is being fabricated.
  4. Crown Fabrication: The impressions are sent to a dental laboratory, where skilled technicians create the permanent crown according to the specifications provided by your dentist. The fabrication process may take a couple of weeks, during which a temporary crown will protect the prepared tooth.
  5. Crown Placement: Once the permanent crown is ready, you will return to the dental office for the final crown placement. Your dentist will ensure the fit, colour, and aesthetics of the crown before bonding it to your tooth using a dental adhesive. Any necessary adjustments will be made to ensure a comfortable and natural bite.

Benefits of Dental Crowns

Dental crowns offer numerous benefits for patients seeking to restore and improve their smiles. Some key advantages include:

  1. Aesthetics: Dental crowns can significantly enhance the appearance of damaged, discoloured, or misshapen teeth, resulting in a more attractive smile.
  2. Protection: Crowns provide a protective barrier, preventing further damage or decay to weakened teeth.
  3. Restored Functionality: By strengthening and improving the shape of the tooth, dental crowns allow for normal chewing and biting, restoring full functionality.
  4. Longevity: With proper care and maintenance, dental crowns can last for many years, providing a durable solution for tooth restoration.
  5. Customization: Crowns are custom-made to match the natural colour, shape, and size of your teeth, ensuring a seamless and natural-looking smile.

Caring for Dental Crowns

To ensure the longevity and effectiveness of your dental crowns, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices. Here are some tips for caring for your dental crowns:

  1. Brush and floss regularly: Maintain a thorough oral hygiene routine by brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing daily. Pay extra attention to the gum line around your dental crowns to remove any plaque or food debris.
  2. Avoid hard or sticky foods: Be cautious while biting or chewing hard objects, such as ice or hard candy, as they can potentially damage or dislodge your dental crowns. Similarly, avoid sticky or chewy foods that may pull on the crown.
  3. Regular dental check-ups: Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and professional cleanings. Your dentist will evaluate the condition of your dental crowns and address any concerns or issues that may arise.
  4. Wear a mouthguard: If you participate in sports or grind your teeth, wearing a custom-made mouthguard can protect your dental crowns from potential damage.


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  • December 5, 2023

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